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新SAT语法:真题考点分布 500个必考搭配

来源:鄂教留学 作者:鄂教留学 点击:
新SAT语法部分也被称作SAT 写作和语言测试,其考察会在短文中进行,因此,考试更加注重语境、段与段之间的逻辑,从而需要学生掌握句子的结构和逻辑结构的发展;虽然新SAT语法和旧SAT语法的考点范围相差不会太大,但整体而言,新SAT语法的逻辑推理性有所增强

 新SAT语法部分也被称作SAT 写作和语言测试,其考察会在短文中进行,因此,考试更加注重语境、段与段之间的逻辑,从而需要学生掌握句子的结构和逻辑结构的发展;虽然新SAT语法和旧SAT语法的考点范围相差不会太大,但整体而言,新SAT语法的逻辑推理性有所增强,更加注重实际的应用。

  新SAT语法考查重点

  新SAT语法部分考试结构

  1)问题总数:44题;

  2)考试时间:35分钟(平均每道题小于1分钟);

  3)文章数量:4篇;

  4)文章篇幅:每篇文章大概400到450字,总共有1700字;

  5)文章主题:4篇文章分别为职业话题,人文学科,历史社会学科,科技类;

  6)文本类型:1篇非小说类,1-2篇为说明文,1-2篇为议论文;

  7)文章难度系数:美国高中9年级或者10年级开始,一直到美国大学一、二年级的水平;

  8)每篇文章题目数量:11题。

  新OG语法考点数据统计

  500个新SAT语法固定搭配

  以下搭配整理自新SATOG、真题、可汗学院套题。

  

as much…as…

和…一样

as adj./adv. as

和…一样

so … as

像…一样

sb. be familiar with sth.

熟悉

sth. be familiar to sb.

对…来说很熟悉

prevent/defend …(sb) from doing

远离回复【语法400题】到平台

deter/stop …(sb) from doing

远离

discourage…from doing

劝某人打消做某事的念头,阻止某人做某事…

keep…from doing/sth.

让某人远离

an appraisal of….

对…的估价

identify … as

把…认定为

be identified as…

被认定为

preoccupation with

全神贯注

be preoccupied with

全神贯注

on account of

因为

an/the account of

对于…的解释/描述

account for

对…进行解释

count on

依赖; 依靠;期望; 指望

be determined to do

决定做

determination to do

决定做

at a distance

远离

long since = ever since

自那以后

long since gone

自那以后

long since forgotten

自那以后被遗忘

be certified as

被认证为

a means of

一种…的方式

offer of 内容

提供…

offer for 对象

为…提供

offer to do

提出…

offer sb sth.

为某人提供

offer sth. to sb.

为某人提供

help sb. with sth

帮助

help sb. to do

帮助

help sb. do

帮助

inauguration of

…的创立

fight back to

反击

differ/different/difference from

与…不同

differ in

在某方面不同

be no different than

与…没有不同

indifferent to

对…冷漠

gain the respect of

赢得尊重

respect for

对…的尊重

vote against

投票反对

hope to do

希望

hope for sth

希望

in the hope of

希望

in hopes of

希望

have hope in/on sb

对…怀有希望

be honored by…as…

被人尊为…

be absorbed in

被…吸引

use…to do/for doing

用…来做

use…as…

把…用作

make use of

利用

keep sth do/done/adj

保持

keep pace with

跟上…的脚步

be necessary for

对…来说…很必要

be necessary for sb to do

对…来说…很必要

threaten to do

威胁着要…

a threat to doing/sth./sb.

对…的威胁

take pride in

以…为自豪

apprehension about

恐惧

be sympathetic to/toward

对…同情

have sympathy for

对…同情

be attributed to

归结于

attribute/ascribe/impute to

把…归因于

accessible to/have access to

接近,对…可获得

inaccessible to

对…很难接近

regard…as…(没有to be)

把…视为

be regarded as

被视为

migrate from…to…

从…移民到哪儿

compound in

在…复杂

protest sth.

呼吁

protest against

与…抗争

protest for

为…抗争

insist on/upon sth./doing sth.

坚持

insistent on/upon

坚持

insistence on/upon

坚持

the decline of

…的下降

a decline in

在…的下降

continue doing/to do

继续

react to sth.

对…的反应

the reaction in

在某方面的反应

the reaction to

对…的反应

adapt sth to

使…适应

adapt to do

适应去…

be adapted to n/doing

适应/习惯于…

be adaptable to sth.

适应于某事

far from

远不是可回复【S34】到ETS-China

far away from

远离

be intolerable to sb.

对…来说不能忍

have tolerance for

对…可忍耐、对…的耐力

available to

对…可获得

engage in sth./doing

热衷于,从事于

be engaged by

被…吸引

be engaged in

热衷于,从事

make it adj. to do

使…变得…

dress in

穿着

have an understanding of

对…的理解

discharge…from

释放,解雇

at the expense/cost of

以…为代价

fall into decline

开始衰落

specialize in

以…为专攻

be famous as

以…著称

be famous for

以…著称

rise to fame as

赢得…的名声

can/cannot help but do

只能

evoke…by doing

通过…唤起

an advocate of

…的支持者

advocate doing

支持

assure sb of sth=assure sb that SVO

使…确信

ensure sth/that SVO

确保

disposal of

对…的处理

award 奖 to sb. for sth.

因为...给某人颁奖

receive an award for

因为…得奖

set a record

创纪录

be surprised by

被…惊到了

be helpful for sb to do

做某事对某人有帮助

be helpful in doing

在某方面有帮助

meet up with

会见

meet with

偶遇,遭受,会见

concern about

关心

be concerned about/with

关心

have confidence in

对…有信心

be confident about

对…有信心

in one’s zeal to do

热情地做…

the same…as…

和…一样

see sb. do/doing/done

看到某人…

see…as

把…视为

be free to do

自由地做…

be free of

远离

free of

没有

be common in

在…一样

encourage sb. to do

鼓励某人做某事

go about

处理

go in for

有天赋

place sb on…

给某人定罪

look down

低头,看不起

provide evidence of

提供证据

be isolated from

远离,孤立于

recognize…as…

把…认作

be recognized as

被认作

distinguish…from

与…区分开

be distinguished from

与…区分开

be distinguished by

以…与众不同

have trouble/problem/difficulty (in) doing

在…有困难

ability in

在某方面有能力

familiarize sb with

让某人熟悉

struggle for/against

为了/反对…而斗争

struggle to do

挣扎着去做

consist of

包括

consistence/ consistent/ inconsistent with

和…一直/不一致

hesitate to do

犹豫

commit … to n/doing

把…奉献给

the commitment to

对…的奉献

consider doing=think about doing

考虑做某事

be considered (to be /as)

被认为

get a raise for doing

因…而得到提升

open door to

对…打开大门

be misinformed about

对…误会,被误导

be irreparable to

对…无法修复

insofar as

在…范围之内

be jammed with

被…阻塞挤满

the praise for

…的奖赏

in praise of

为了表彰

a native of

当地人

be native to

原产于

the demand for

…的需求

tempt sb to do

诱惑

respond to

针对…回应

in response to

针对

be responsible for

对…负责任

be responsive to

对…做出反应

the responsibility to do

做…的责任

interest in/have interest in/interested in

对…的兴趣

decide to do

决定

decide against doing sth

决定不做

in an attempt to do

尝试做…

the attempt (of sb) to do

尝试

attempt to do

尝试

be similar to

和…相似

tend to do

倾向于

a tendency to do

倾向于

out of

出于…由于

be bored at doing/ to do

对…厌倦

dwell on

老是想着,详述

condemn … as

谴责…是

condemn … for

谴责…因为

stock up

进货

the desire to do

做…的欲望

the desire for

对…的期待

curiosity about

对…的好奇心

cause sb to do

导致某人做某事

lost cause

徒劳无功的事

be suspicious of

怀疑

be averse to

与…相反

aversion to

厌恶

be vulnerable to

易受…感染

ignorant of

对…的无知

be congenial to

意气相投的,适合的

rebellion against

对…的反抗

work to do

工作

work as

以…谋生

the standard for

…的标准

the design of

…的设计

be disappointed to do

失望地做…

be disappointed by

对…失望

to one's disappointment

令某人失望

the season for doing sth

做…的季节

be visible as

以…形式被看到

be visible to

对…可视

be effective in

在某方面有效

have an effect on

对…有效果

come across as

给人以…的印象

be rejected as

因…被拒绝

be acclaimed as

被称为

urge sb to do

敦促某人做某事

urge to do

主张

have sb/sth done

让…被…

have sb do

让某人做

the basis for

…的基础

portray … as

把…描述为

be subject to sth/doing

屈从于

opportunity for sth/to do sth

…的机会

argue for

为…争辩

participate in

参加

succeed (in) doing

在…成功

success in sth

成功

succeed sb as

继承某人的身份

mistrust of

对…的误解

ambivalence about

对…的举棋不定

force … to do

强迫…做某事

contribute to sth/doing sth

贡献给…

in favor of

赞成,支持

be careless in

在某方面粗心

call for

呼吁

on the grounds of sth

因为

on the grounds that SVO

因为

now that SVO

既然,由于

in that SVO

既然,由于

since that SVO

既然,由于

enjoy doing

喜欢

opposite to

相反,对立(一般不指人)

opposition to

反对

be particular about

对…挑剔

be characteristic of

代表了

be typical of

代表了

be representative of

代表了

run into

偶遇

be exempt from

免于

be racked with

受…折磨

in an effort to do

努力做…

be mindful of

对…介意

on the verge of

在…的边缘

on the brink of

在…的边缘

on the edge of

在…的边缘

allow sb to do

允许某人做…

in vain

徒劳无功

do one's best to do

全力以赴

notify sb of

通知

await sb=wait for sb

等待某人

proceed with

继续做某事

uncertainty about

对…的不确定

superfluous for

对…来说过剩

prohibitive for

对…禁止

feasible for

对…来说可行

irrelevant to

和…不相关

provide sth for sb

为…提供…

provide sb with sth

为…提供…

be invaluable for

对…很重要

resist doing sth

拒绝做…

suffer from

遭受

aim sth at sth/doing sth

把…瞄准,目标定在…

be aimed at sth/doing sth

把…瞄准,目标定在…

aim to do

目标是做…

catch off guard

猝不及防

an/the impact on/upon

对…的影响

result in

导致

result from

源自

be difficult for sb

对…很难

in preparation for

为…做准备

preparation for

对…的准备

exchange A for B with sb

和某人用A换B

derive … from

从…提炼出

be popular with sb

在…人中非常流行

care for

关照,照顾

care about

关心,关注

recipe for

…的制作方法

have experience in

在…有经验

be experienced in

在…经验丰富

take sth for granted

认为…理所应当

be busy with

忙于…

live on sth

以…为食

be rooted in

源于

be attuned to

适应

make room for

为…留空间

major in

主修

ability in

在某方面有能力

able/ ability/ unable/ inability to do

…的能力

capable/ capability/ incapable/ incapability of

…的能力

capacity of

容量

capacity for

能力

stimulate sb. to do

激励某人做某事

complain about

抱怨

complaint about

对…的抱怨

complain to sb. about/of sth.

向某人抱怨某事

venture into

冒险去…

concentrate on/upon

集中精力

spend…(in) doing/on sth

为某事花费…

revere sb for…

因为…尊重某人

be revered as

作为…身份收人尊重

be revered for

以…收人尊重

be involved in

涉及…

range from … to …

范围从…到…

damage to sth

对…的影响

on schedule

按时

leave BJ

离开北京

leave for BJ

出发去北京

leave…to do

出发去做…

leave A for B to do sth

离开A去B做

introduction of/to/into sth.

对…的介绍

culminate with

在…达到顶峰

return to do

回去做某事

from … to

从…到…(时间范围或变化)

from … until

从…到…(只有时间)

seek out

找出;物色;找到

think it adj to do sth

(it是形式宾语=to do)

think of … as…

把…认为是…

over the past 10 years

(现在完成时)

over 10 years later/ago

(一般过去时)

refer to

参照

pertain to

属于

be related to

与…相关

the number of

XX的数量

a number of

很多

be likely to do

有可能

compare A with B

把A和B做对比

compare A to B

把A比作B(也可作比较)

(be)contrary to

与…相反

in contrast=by contrast

后面都可以接with

in comparison=by comparison

通过对比

too adj ( a n.) to do

太…而不能

talent/gift for

才能

faculty of

才能

be known to be=as

作为…而出名(身份)

be known for/to do

因为…而出名(原因)

ward off=avoid

避开,驱赶

avoid doing sth.

避免

lack sth

缺少

lack (in) doing sth

缺少

a lack of

缺少

prefer A to B

比起B,更喜欢A

prefer doing to doing

喜欢…多于…

prefer to do

后面一般没有比较内容了

A coincide with B

巧合发生

associate A with B

把A与B相关联

A is associated with B

A和B相连

on display

展出的

be traced to

追溯到

inform sb about/of

告知

inform against

检举

information about/on

关于…的信息

at one's peril

后果自负

do rather than do

而不是

doing rather than doing

而不是

to do rather than (to) do

而不是

enrich sth with

用…丰富…

better off

情况好转

For all n., SVO.

尽管…但是…

depend/dependent/dependence on/upon…for

依靠…为了…

combination … with

把…和…结合

the combination of A and B

A和B结合

the obsession with

对…的痴迷

be obsessed with

迷恋于

arrive in

到达

arrive at

到达

vary with

随着…而改变

vary in

在…方面各不相同

elaborate on

详细说明

reside in

居住在

at the risk of

冒着…的风险

It takes/took/will take sb some time/money to do sth.

to do sth花费某人…

require sb to do

要求某人做某事

be required for

对…必需的

require that sb (should) do sth

要求某人做某事

elect sb (position/identity)

中间不加to be或as

call in sick

请病假

have shortage in

在…缺少…

in turn

依次,轮流地/相应地

turn out to be

结果

turn to … for

找到…为了…

prize sth for

以…定价

be prized for

因为…而被标价(看重)以…定价

pose challenge to

对…提出挑战

the challenge to sth

对…的挑战

the reason for

…的原因

for some reason

因为某种原因

be affiliated with

与…相关

in time

及时

on time

准时

criticize sb for sth/doing sth

批评某人某事

be criticized for

被批评因为…

failure in

在…的失败

the failure to do

失败

be worried about

担心

appear to be

看起来

be impressed with

对…印象深刻

the first person to do/ to be done

第一个…的人

an expert at

…在…的专家

expertise in

在…的专业能力

draw upon

利用/描述/依靠

draw on

利用/穿上/渐渐来临/鼓励/依靠

draw from

从…得到根据

be drawn to

被…吸引

whether … or not

(没有whether … or else)

impatient with

对…没有耐心

be accustomed to

习惯于

object to

反对

make remark about

对…评论

come in contact with

和…产生接触

be sensitive to sth/ doing sth

对…敏感

no sooner … than

一…就…

gaze upon

看到,望见

be disruptive to

对…是破坏性的

be celebrated as

被歌颂为

be made from

用…材料制成(看不出成分)

take offence/offense at

对…感到愤怒

in need of

需要

the need for

对…的需求

The more …, the more… .

越…越

be deluged with

泛滥着…充斥着

a deluge of

大量

a way to do

做…的方式

a way of doing

做…的方式

launch into=enter into

进入到

take refuge in

在…避难

audition for

为…试镜

love for

对…的热爱

the love of

对…的喜爱

agree to do

同意

agree on

在某方面达成一致

agree with sb

同意某人

agreement to do/on sth

在…的一致

legend has it that SVO.

有传说说…

rumor has it that SVO.

有流言说…

guard against

(保卫)防止

expect … to be

期待…是

expect to do

期待…做

apply to sth/apply…to sth.

适用于…/把…应用于

apply to do sth

申请做某事

apply for

申请

apply to … for…

向…申请…

bring about

引起

protect … from

保护…远离

be tailored to

订制的

take the place of

取代

limit sb to doing

把某人限制在只做某事

find it adj to do sth

发现做某事是…的

set out to do sth

开始/着手做某事,打算

enter … in

给…报名参加

the plans for

对…的计划

plan to do

计划

base … on/ be based on/upon

以…为基础

collaborate with

合作

be engrossed in

沉迷在

unique to

专属于

be acquainted with

熟悉

know of

了解

be jealous of

对…嫉妒

strive to do

奋斗

be rich with

富含…,在…很多

the quest for

对…的需求

equate … with

把…和…等同

function as

起… 作用

solution to n/doing

对…的解决方案

insulate against

绝缘

wear out

精疲力尽

be devoid of

没有…, 缺少…

be inclined to do

倾向于

be aware of

意识到

be noted for

以…出名

sway (away) from

动摇

subsist on

以…为食

be harmful to

对…有害

describe ... as

把…描述得…

take charge of

负责

be distinct from

和…不同

make sense to

对…有意义

make sense of

理解…

be recommended for

推荐给…

be named after

以…命名

watch sb do/doing

观看某人做某事

tell of

讲述

be comparable to

和…可以相比

if not for

要不是

人 win … for …

以…赢得…奖

作品win 人奖

作品为人赢得…奖

so far

迄今为止

spot sb doing

看到某人做某事

diatribe against

对…的诽谤

meditation on

对…的思考

rely on

以来

finish doing

完成

view … as

把…视为

the remedy for

对…的治疗

in recognition of

为了认可…表彰…

present sb with …

给某人颁奖

be worth doing

值得

be worth sth

值得

be worthy of

值得

belong to

属于

delay for

为…延迟

convert sth. to sth.

convert … into …

把…转化为

be converted to/into

转化

teem with

充满了

devote … to sth./doing

把…奉献给

be renowned for

以…著称

be convinced of/that

被说服

convince sb of sth

说服某人某事

convince sb that SVO

说服某人某事

remind sb of

提醒某人某事

begin to do=begin doing

开始

start to do=doing

开始…

so … as to do

太…以致于

so as to do

以便于

enable sb to do

使某人做…

a mass of

一坨

combine with

合成

up to sb

由某人决定

resistance to

对…的抵抗

be inured to

习惯于

be repentant about

对…后悔

be fractious about

对…愤怒

expend … in doing

在…花费

attest to sth

证明

cope with

处理

appeal to

对…有吸引力

replace A with B

用B取代A

be appreciative of

感激

be proud of

自豪

be hungry for

渴望

share … with

和…分享

stick to

粘贴

be modeled after

按照…的模型制作

mean to do

有意为之

be meant to do

应该是

mean doing

意味着

neither…nor…

既不…也不

either…or…

…或…

be grateful for doing

为…感谢


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